Strategic policing is precisely what it sounds like. It is an organized approach to crime fighting using information from a variety of sources, such as crime analysis and intelligence. It is a proactive way of dealing with criminal elements before they are able to commit the crime. Most importantly, strategic policing focuses on gathering information to stop the criminals before they even commit the crime. This prevents victimization and keeps the citizens safe.
The ‘problem-solving policing’ approach began to gain attention for its unique ability to provide economic and social benefits—benefits which led to successful long-term crime reduction strategies. The theory of problem-solving policing can be applied in many fields and situations, not just as a strategy for increasing safety within a community. Today, the term ‘problem-solving policing’ has been replaced by other terms, including: community policing, reactive policing, situational crime prevention, and strategic crime prevention.
In today’s diverse community policing efforts, police and citizens work together in partnership. Whereas once the community simply expected police to maintain order, today police are working with communities to identify problems of crime and disorder and find solutions to these problems. Citizen participation in this process forms a cornerstone of modern community policing efforts.